Kidneys cleanse the blood of harmful substances and help to excrete nitrogen. If a cat has a kidney problem, this should be treated as quickly as possible.
Acute kidney damage is an absolute emergency situation for which veterinary treatment must be sought immediately. The cat may urinate less, and this is usually followed by intense thirst. Cats show signs of pain in the stomach and lumbar region and have dark urine which may even contain visible traces of blood. Usually the general well-being of the animal is heavily disturbed and it is listless and/or will no longer eat. This dramatic condition can occur as a consequence of an accident with a lot of blood loss, following serious infections, or also after poisoning with heavy metals, antifreeze or medications.
In the first instance emergency veterinary care is important using infusions and diuretic medications, followed by treatment of the underlying issue or, where relevant, treatment with antibiotics for several weeks.
Conditions affecting internal organs can also occur quite commonly in cats, especially as they get older. The organs which are particularly significant here are those which are central to the metabolic processes such as the kidneys. As the main excretory organ, they are responsible for daily production of urine. One of their core functions in this regard is the formation of concentrated urine. If the kidneys suffer chronic damage they can no longer adequately fulfil the two most important functions - urine concentration and the elimination of so-called urinary excretion substances. Cats then suffer chronic under functioning of the kidneys (insufficiency). This is one of the main causes of death in older cats.
Increased thirst can be an indication of renal insufficiency
As the urine can no longer be concentrated adequately, cats urinate more. To detect this in cats closer observation is required: the first signs are larger clumps in the cat litter, several smaller clumps, or the cat using the litter tray more often. Cats are generally thirstier i.e. they drink more water. The problem with chronic under function of the kidneys is that it is a progressive condition i.e. damage to the kidney tissue cannot be stopped. As the urinary excretion substances, which are poisonous in the animal’s body, are no longer eliminated, the animal - in a manner of speaking - is poisoning itself. Animals affected in such a way then become visibly sick. They have no appetite, sleep a lot, tend to vomit and have diarrhoea, and lose weight. If these signs of illness are detected, it is important to consult a vet.
Therapy for chronic renal insufficiency can take a number of forms but always involves provision of dietary foods. Renal diets are imperative in order to lower the content in the blood of substances normally excreted in the urine. Renal diets contain less protein than conventional foods so that less urea is formed during the metabolism of protein. This can lower the urea content in the blood. In addition, the phosphorous content is also reduced in order to delay the progressive damage of renal tissue. animonda Integra Protect Kidneys provides cats with a tasty renal diet, available as wet food and dry food.